Parakeet Characteristics

parakeet characteristics

Parakeets are amazing parrots with a beautiful appearance and the right behavior.

Parakeets are a smaller species in the parrot family. Their slighter build and long tail feathers distinguish them from other birds.

The Australian budgerigar, also known as “budgie”, Melopsittacus undulatus, is considered the most common parakeet. Budgies make great starter pets for kids or first-time bird owners.

Wild parakeets live in large flocks, and they dislike being alone. There’s a good chance you’ll come home with two if you buy one.

Parakeets are very loving creatures, as well as very playful.

The owner must provide affection and interaction to them, and, like parrots, they can learn to talk if properly trained!

Getting a parakeet talking can be far easier if you acquire them from a young age.

They can be taught how to speak when they’re 3-4-months-old, so with a 2-month learning process, they can start talking around the age of 6 months.

In their cage, they need toys to keep them entertained since they are very intelligent.

Consequently, they require a large area where they can explore both vertically and horizontally while being able to fly.

Parakeets are easy to maintain and care for as they only require basic maintenance.

They only need a clean cage, a balanced diet, fresh water, and attention.

Without a doubt, parakeets are fun to have as pets. People often think they’re not very interactive, but that’s not true.

It is possible to form a strong bond with your pet parakeet if you provide it with the proper care and attention.

In addition, their inquisitive nature will keep you entertained for hours.

Parakeet Physical Characteristics

  • Color: Yellow,  Blue, Grey, White, Albino, Green
  • Skin Type: Feathers
  • Top Speed: 22 mph
  • Average Lifespan: 6 to 30 years
  • Weight: 1.06 to over 3 ounces
  • Length: 3 to 16.5 inches

These birds are small to medium-sized parrots. Mostly granivores, they are lithe and have long tails.

Colors of green, blue, yellow, or orange are often seen in their plumage, which is far from plain.

Several species like the albinos have been bred to have unusual colorations.

Albinos are not just white birds; they have pink eyes and lack the normal amount of pigmentation.

Parakeet male and female parakeets can be distinguished by the color of the cere (the fleshy patch at the top of the upper bill.), especially at a young age.

The male is blue and the female is tan.

Here is How to Tell if a Baby Parakeet Is Male or Female.

Parakeet Behavior

Some of the common parakeet behavior includes chewing, mimicking sounds, beak grinding, puffing up feathers, and food regurgitation.


The behavior of chewing is common to most parrots, including parakeets.

In the wild, parrots will chew seeds, tree bark, and nuts to keep their beaks from overgrowing.

Parakeets usually chew to entertain themselves as well as keep their beaks in good condition.

So, these birds should be provided with numerous different objects including toys to chew on by their owners.

Since parakeets enjoy foraging, a small cardboard box filled with treats, seeds, and shredded paper is a great way to encourage chewing and foraging in your bird.

Mimicking sounds

Vocalization is a common characterization of parrots in the wild.

And it is well known that parakeets are excellent mimickers like most of their relatives in the parrot family.

In a relatively short time, they can learn to listen closely and duplicate every sound around them.

Everything from the phone ringing to the microwave beeping is frequently mimicked by them.

Although parakeets can be taught to speak, it will take a lot of time and patience to do so.

Singing is a common parakeet behavior even though they aren’t technically songbirds.

Parakeets are known for producing a great variety of sounds but can be quiet when feeding or when they feel threatened or frightened.

However, when they’re roosting or flying, parakeets can be noisy and produce sounds such as screams, squawks, chirps, wheezes, whistles wheezes, chattering, and chuckles.

Beak grinding

Beak grinding is another characteristic of a parakeet. They usually do this before falling asleep.

Experts in bird behavior are not sure exactly why parakeets and other birds do this, but most believe that it is simply a sign of comfort.

Parakeets may also do this to keep their beaks sharp so they can break open seeds more easily.

Also, to remove food debris, parakeets wipe their beaks across their perches, cage sides, or other hard objects.

Regurgitating food

Food regurgitation is common in many parrots, and parakeets are not an exception. To them, regurgitating food is a sign of affection.

Note that even though it appears as though they are vomiting, this parakeet behavior is not a sign of illness.

To feed their young, parakeet parents chew up the food, swallow it to get some digestive juices on it, and then spit it back up into their young’s mouths.

They will also feed each other, and will regurgitate their food as an offering to their owners.

Puffing up feathers

It is common for parakeets to puff up their feathers and shake them throughout the day.

Here are some of the reasons why parakeets fluff.

  • He is sleepy – Parrots sometimes puff up their feathers when they’re ready to sleep for the night. If your parrot looks fluffed up, he may just be getting ready for sleep.
  • He is feeling chilly – Puffing up is a way for birds to conserve body warmth. You might have noticed that birds tend to look “fuller” on cold, winter days. They fluff up to trap as much air as possible in their feathers. The more air they trap, the warmer they become. So, if your parakeet looks cold, it might be time to turn up the heat!
  • He is upset– Puffing feathers is also a sign that your pet is angry. Keep an eye out for other body signals, like twisting the tail and keeping the wings distant from the body.
  • Keeping clean– They typically do this while preening their feathers to keep them clean and draw out the natural oils.
  • For protection– Also, when faced with a potential threat, parakeets may puff up to appear larger.
  • To show off -They may also be showing off to a potential mate if another parakeet of the opposite sex is nearby.
  • He isn’t feeling well– The more serious reason why your pet may fluff up is that he or she is feeling under the weather. Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian if your pet is fluffed up for most of the day. Remember, birds are masters at hiding to hide sickness. If you notice any unusual symptoms or behaviors (like fluffed feathers), especially when paired with the loss of appetite, sticky poop, etc., take your feathered friend to the vet for a checkup.

Feather plucking

Self-destructive behaviors like feather plucking are considered a disease of parrots in captivity as it does not occur (except as a natural physiological behavior in breeding birds) in wild parrots.

This parrot behavior may be due to boredom or lack of stimulation and exercise.

Wild parakeets rarely pluck their feathers due to boredom or frustration, as there are many available opportunities in the wild for them to stay active and satisfy their instincts.

This makes it necessary to provide a pet parrot with toys, social interaction, and stimulating activities.

Birds usually pluck their feathers to preen and groom themselves.

To investigate a feather-plucking problem in a parakeet, one must be able to recognize the normal from the abnormal and eliminate all other possible causes of feather disease.


This is another common characteristic of parrot behavior as flocking behavior is often done when foraging for food or during flight.

In their natural habitat, parrots are not solitary creatures, so it is common to find a flock of parrots perched on treetops.

Captive parrots who are kept as pets may bond with a companion bird, or with an owner and caregiver.

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